Original article

The Effect of Maternal Adaptation on Breastfeeding Self- Efficacy

Sureyya Gumussoy1, Senay Unsal Atan2
1Atatürk Health Care Vocational School, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
2Department of Women’s Health and Gynecology, Faculty of Nursing, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey

Worldwide Medicine 2019; 1(5): 154-163 | DOI: 10.5455/ww.53150      PDF


Abstract


Background: The present study aimed to explore the relationship between maternal adaptation and breastfeeding self-efficacy, and examine factors associated with breastfeeding self-efficacy mothers after childbirth.
Methods: The study data were collected using the Self-Description Form for Mothers, Postpartum Self-Evaluation Questionnaire(PPSEQ), Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short-Form(BSES-SF), and Breastfeeding and Breast Problems Evaluation Form.
Results: The present study found that 58.2% and 37.7% of the mothers had Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short- Form mean scores below 50 at postpartum weeks first and eighth, respectively. The mothers’ postpartum breastfeeding self-efficacy scale and postpartum self-evaluation scale scores, a statistically significant negative moderate relationship was observed during the first and eighth postpartum weeks. The following parameters were found to linearly increase the breastfeeding self-efficacy scores at postpartum first week: mothers’ planned period of breastfeeding on postpartum first week, method of baby feeding, satisfaction with one’s breastfeeding performance, breastfeeding and formula- feeding at sixth month, and the PPSEQ mean score.
Conclusion: Health care professionals and mothers should be aware of all of the factors influencing their perception of self-efficacy and respond accordingly.

Keywords: Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy, Baby Feeding, Postpartum Adaptation